Archive for the ‘Vocabulary’ Category

Dom signifies the office of or state of being; hood, the state of being;
ish, somewhat, like; and ism, the condition or doctrines of.

king’dom     chris’ten dom   hea’then dom
child’hood   maid’en hood    live’li hood
knav’ish     yel’low ish     a’gu ish
Bud’dhism    Meth’od ism     Mor’mon ism


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Lesson 148.

The termination less gives a negative meaning to the derivative; as graceless, without grace.

brain’less   sight’less   friend’less   worth’less
cease’less   soul’less    head’less     house’less
guile’less   friut’less   guilt’less    noise’less

The affix age signifies the pay for, a state of being, or composed of; as cartage, the pay for carting.

mar’riage     fer’ri age     vag’a bond age
herb’age      her’mit age    dis ad van’tage
wharf’age     pat’ron age    es’pi on age

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Lesson 147.

Ness is from the Saxon nesse, and means state or quality; as, neatness, state of being neat.

bleak’ness    smooth’ness   come’li ness
fierce’ness   numb’ness     drow’si ness
hoarse’ness   wrong’ness    naught’i ness
calm’ness     sweet’ness    wea’ri ness

The termination full adds its own meaning to the word; as, joyful, full of joy. The final l is omitted in the derivatives.

change’ful   mourn’ful   skill’ful   fan’ci ful
fright’ful   woe’ful     will’ful    pit’i ful
spite’ful    wrath’ful   aw’ful      du’ti ful

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Spelling Vocabulary Words – Homophones Beginning With I
 I (see aye)

 I’d (see eyed)

 ide (see eyed)

idyl (-s), idyll (-s), idle (-s), idol (-s)

ileum, ilium

 illicit (see elicit)

 illusive (see allusive)

 I’ll (see aisle)

 immanent, imminent (see eminent)

 immerge (see emerge)

impassable, impassible

impatience, impatiens

in, inn

incidence, incidents

incite, insight (?)

independence, independents

indict (-s), indite (-s)

indigence, indigents

inequity, iniquity (?)

innocence, innocents

instance, instants

 insure (see ensure)

intense, intents

 irrupt (see erupt)

 irruption (see eruption)

 isle (see aisle)

its, it’s

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Lesson 143.

Words not included in the ahove rule, do not double the final

act’ed    failed   quar’reled   ex pand’ed
land’ed   rained   bar’reled    mer’it ed
rest’ed   coaxed   trav’eled    vis’it ed

Y is sometimes changed into i; as cry, cried.

cried   dried   mar’ried   glo’ried
tried   fried   tar’ried   sto’ried
shied   spied   car’ried   wor’ried

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Spelling Vocabulary Word Lists – Homophones Beginning With J
jalousie, jealousy (?)

jam (-s), jamb (-s)

 jean (see gene)

 jell (see gel)

 jibe (see gibe)

jinks, jinx

 jire (see gyre)

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Teaching Spelling – Affixes

Lesson 140.

Words ending in e silent, generally drop the e in adding ing.

mak’ing     seiz’ing   rul’ing      ex pir’ing
nam’ing     forc’ing   lin’ing      re fus’ing
plagu’ing   hedg’ing   squeez’ing   in trigu’ing
ach’ing     writ’ing   schem’ing    alleg’ing

The final e is retained when it is necessary to prevent a change of
pronunciation, or to maintain the identity of a word.

hoe’ing     shoe’ing    change’a ble
toe’ing     singe’ing   trace’able
tinge’ing   dye’ing     peace’a ble
foe’man     blue’ness   charge’a ble

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