Archive for the ‘Suffixes’ Category

Suffixes ion ment fy ance ence ory ous

Lesson 152.

Ion and ment denote the state of being, or the act of; fy, to make or
become; ance or ence, the act or state of; ive, having a tendency to, or
the power or nature of; ory, the power or nature of, or belonging to; and
ous, partaking of, or full of.

dis per’sion   di ver’sion    as per’sion
ex cep’tion    e lec’tion     con di’tion
a tone’ment    a gree’ment    dec’re ment
de’i fy        stu’pe fy      sat’is fy
an noy’ance    ac cord’ance   con cord’ance
oc cur’rence   ab hor’rence   in dul’gence
a mu’sive      con clu’sive   of fen’sive
cur’so ry      ar’mo ry       man’da to ry
dan’ger ous    li’bel ous     har mo’ni ous


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Lesson 150.

Ist, ster, ee, and ess, generally signify the person who, or thing which.
The last is an affix denoting the feminine gender.

aur’ist     phys’i cist     pi a’nist
tap’ster    chor’is ter     for’est er
grant ee’   mort ga gee’    as sign ee’
em’press    shep’herd ess   mar’chion ess

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Dom signifies the office of or state of being; hood, the state of being;
ish, somewhat, like; and ism, the condition or doctrines of.

king’dom     chris’ten dom   hea’then dom
child’hood   maid’en hood    live’li hood
knav’ish     yel’low ish     a’gu ish
Bud’dhism    Meth’od ism     Mor’mon ism

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Able and ible used as suffixes signify that may be, capable of being, fit or worthy to be, or capacity.

eat’a ble    blam’a ble    am’i ca ble
sal’a ble    laugh’a ble   nav’i ga ble
leg’i ble    for’ci ble    com bus’ti ble
cred’i ble   au’di ble     in del’i ble

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Lesson 148.

The termination less gives a negative meaning to the derivative; as graceless, without grace.

brain’less   sight’less   friend’less   worth’less
cease’less   soul’less    head’less     house’less
guile’less   friut’less   guilt’less    noise’less

The affix age signifies the pay for, a state of being, or composed of; as cartage, the pay for carting.

mar’riage     fer’ri age     vag’a bond age
herb’age      her’mit age    dis ad van’tage
wharf’age     pat’ron age    es’pi on age

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Ly is an abbreviation of like; as manly for man-like, or like a man. Ly is
still further shortened into y; as, rock, rocky.

bright’ly  eas’y     heav’i ly    thor’oug ly
gay’ly     earth’y   heart’i ly   might’i ly
no’bly     speed’y   read’i ly    has’ti ly
wind’y     spon’gy   tar’di ly    stead’i ly

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Lesson 146.

In adjectives, er is generally added to form the comparative, and est to
form the superlative; as, rich, richer, richest.

strict’er   fierc’est   wealth’i er   wor’thi est
broad’er    slow’est    greed’i er    read’i est
bright’er   gaunt’est   drear’i er    haugh’ti est

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