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Spelling – Synonyms – Same Meaning

Lesson 201.

The words opposite one another in the lines have nearly the same meaning,
and are called Synonyms.
au’thor ize     com mis’sion    em pow’er
ap par’ent      ob’vi ous       ev’i dent
ac cord’ant     con’so nant     a gree’ing
de port’ment    de mean’or      be hav’ior
di dac’tic      pre cep’tive    in struc’ive
fla gi’tious    a tro’cious     out ra’geous
ad her’ent      par’ti san      fol’low er
in’di gence     pen’u ry        pov’er ty
syc’o phant     par’a site      flat’ter er
har’bin ger     pre cur’sor     fore run’ner

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Lesson 187. Words properly accented on the first Syllable. 

con’strue    com’bat ant      pu’is sance
trav’erse    dis’pu tant      in’ter im
ramp’ant     gon’do la        au’top sy
ath’lete     pleth’o ra       tym’pa num
syr’inge     mis’chiev ous    wise’a cre
ex’tant      blas’phe mous    or’ches tral
brig’and     con’ver sant     im’po tent
con’cord     san’he drim      con’gru ent
dis’cord     con’tra ry       im’be cile
do’nate      pro’te an        pha’e ton
ob’long      dis’ci pline     ret’i na

Teaching Spelling – Spelling Words

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Lesson 161.

The word miss signifies to err, to go wrong; in the compound
the last s is omitted.

mis guide’    mis be lief’     mis reck’on
mis spell’    mis con ceive’   mis con’strue
mis choose’   mis di rect’     mis gov’ern
mis chance’   mis re cite’     mis guid’ance

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Affixes – Prefixes
Lesson 160.

Fore adds its own meaning to the word; as foretaste, to taste before; pre is from the Latin prae, before; ante (Latin), before. Anti (Greek), means against or opposite.

fore’sight   fore tell’er      fore bod’ing ly
fore’most    fore knowl’edge   fore de ter’mine
fore know’   fore’cas tle      pre med’i tate
pre fix’     pre cau’tion      pre oc’cu py
pre judge’   pre ced’ing       pre-em’i nent
pre serve’   pre des’tine      an te pas’chal
pre sage’    an’te past        an te mun’dane
pre text’    an’te date        an te nup’tial
fore warn’   an’ti pode        an ti cli’max
fore’front   an’ti dote        an ti feb’rile

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When a word consists of two syllables one of them receives more stress of
voice than the other. This stress of voice is called accent. If the word
consists of three or more syllables there is usually another syllable
stressed in somewhat less degree. This is called a secondary accent. In
some cases there may even be a third accent if the word is very long;
_In’-come_, _val-e-tu’-di-na’-ri-an_. This fact arises from the tendency
natural to all human speech to take more or less musical forms. The
monotony of a series of stressed or of unstressed sounds would be
unbearable. The pronunciation of such a series would be a highly artificial
and very difficult performance. Correct pronunciation is very greatly
concerned with the proper placing of the accent. Indeed the meaning of a
familiar word may be quite obscured by a misplaced accent. For example,
_he-red’-it-ary_ is a very familiar word, but when pronounced
_he-red-it’-ary_, as it was habitually by a friend of the author, we have
to stop and think before catching the meaning.

The placing of the accent in English is subject to two general rules.

     I  The accent clings to the syllable which gives the meaning to the
     word, or in technical terms, the root syllable, _re-call’_,
     _in-stall’_, _in-stal-la’-tion_ (accent falling on the syllable
     which defines the word as a noun), _in-her’-it_.

     II  Where the root syllable is not known the accent falls on the
     first syllable, with secondary accents following at intervals to
     relieve the voice.

This last tendency not infrequently supersedes the other, partly from the
natural habit of the language, and partly because the average man is not an
etymologist and knows very little about the derivation of the words he
uses. For example, in Shakespeare’s time English people followed the first
rule and said _re-ven’-ue_, but now we say _rev’-e-nue_.

These two rules will serve as a good general guide to accent. Attention
should be paid to the pronunciation of good speakers, and care taken to
follow it. In case of doubt the dictionary should be consulted and the
proper accent carefully fixed in the mind.

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Spelling Vocabulary Words – Homophones Beginning With I
 I (see aye)

 I’d (see eyed)

 ide (see eyed)

idyl (-s), idyll (-s), idle (-s), idol (-s)

ileum, ilium

 illicit (see elicit)

 illusive (see allusive)

 I’ll (see aisle)

 immanent, imminent (see eminent)

 immerge (see emerge)

impassable, impassible

impatience, impatiens

in, inn

incidence, incidents

incite, insight (?)

independence, independents

indict (-s), indite (-s)

indigence, indigents

inequity, iniquity (?)

innocence, innocents

instance, instants

 insure (see ensure)

intense, intents

 irrupt (see erupt)

 irruption (see eruption)

 isle (see aisle)

its, it’s

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Spelling Vocabulary Word Lists – Homophones Beginning With J
jalousie, jealousy (?)

jam (-s), jamb (-s)

 jean (see gene)

 jell (see gel)

 jibe (see gibe)

jinks, jinx

 jire (see gyre)

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