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Archive for the ‘Plural’ Category

Ode to Plurals

We’ll begin with a box, and the plural is boxes,

But the plural of ox becomes oxen, not oxes.

One fowl is a goose, but two are called geese,

Yet the plural of moose should never be meese.

You may find a lone mouse or a nest full of mice,

Yet the plural of house is houses, not hice.

If the plural of man is always called men,

Why shouldn’t the plural of pan be called pen?

If I speak of my foot and show you my feet,

And I give you a boot, would a pair be called beet?

If one is a tooth and a whole set are teeth,

Why shouldn’t the plural of booth be called beeth?

Then one may be that, and three would be those,

Yet hat in the plural would never be hose,

And the plural of cat is cats, not cose.

We speak of a brother and also of brethren,

But though we say mother, we never say methren.

Then the masculine pronouns are he, his, and him,

But imagine the feminine: she, shis, and shim!

Let’s face it – English is a crazy language.

There is no egg in eggplant nor ham in hamburger;

neither apple nor pine in pineapple.

English muffins weren’t invented in England .

We take English for granted, but if we explore its

paradoxes,

we find that quicksand can work slowly, boxing rings are

square,

and a guinea pig is neither from Guinea, nor is it a pig.

And why is it that writers write but fingers don’t fing,

grocers don’t groce and hammers don’t ham?

Doesn’t it seem crazy that you can make amends but not one

amend.

If you have a bunch of odds and ends

and get rid of all but one of them, what do you call it?

If teachers taught, why didn’t preachers praught?

If a vegetarian eats vegetables, what does a humanitarian

eat?

Sometimes I think all the folks who grew up speaking English

should be committed to an asylum for the verbally insane.

In what other language do people recite at a play and play

at a recital?

We ship by truck but send cargo by ship.

We have noses that run and feet that smell.

We park in a driveway and drive in a parkway.

And how can a slim chance and a fat chance be the same,

while a wise man and a wise guy are opposites?

You have to marvel at the unique lunacy of a language

in which your house can burn up as it burns down,

in which you fill in a form by filling it out,

and in which an alarm goes off by going on.

And in closing,

if Father is Pop, how come Mother is not Mop?

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Teaching Spelling – Affixes

Lesson 140.

Words ending in e silent, generally drop the e in adding ing.

mak’ing     seiz’ing   rul’ing      ex pir’ing
nam’ing     forc’ing   lin’ing      re fus’ing
plagu’ing   hedg’ing   squeez’ing   in trigu’ing
ach’ing     writ’ing   schem’ing    alleg’ing

The final e is retained when it is necessary to prevent a change of
pronunciation, or to maintain the identity of a word.

hoe’ing     shoe’ing    change’a ble
toe’ing     singe’ing   trace’able
tinge’ing   dye’ing     peace’a ble
foe’man     blue’ness   charge’a ble

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Affixes – Basic Spelling Rules

Doubling the Final Letter and Exceptions
Lesson 139.

Spelling rule for ing words.

Ing signifies continuing to; as talking, continuing to talk. The following
words, in taking their suffix, double the final letter. The last letter is
doubled when the word ends with a single consonant preceded by a single
vowel.

plan’ning   win’ning    stop’ping   a bet’ting
fret’ting   blot’ting   gun’ning    re bel’ling
bid’ding    rob’bing    shut’ting   o mit’ting

Other words ending with consonants, which do not double the final letter.

act’ing     fail’ing   mean’ing   ex pand’ing
land’ing    rain’ing   coax’ing   con sent’ing
build’ing   sail’ing   suit’ing   vis’it ing

SpellingTeaching SpellingSpelling Rules

Teaching Spelling

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Words in which the Plurals are formed irregularly.

As the Plural only is given, the teacher might require the pupil to ascertain the Singular, and to spell it.

mice           cri’ses     ter’mi ni
chil’dren      neb’u lae   a lum’ni
ver’te brae    stra’ta     syn op’ses   geese
{ kine, cows }
{ staves, staffs}
{ broth’ers,breth’ren }
{ pease, peas}
{ dies, dice}

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Lesson 138.

Words ending in Y which form the Plural by adding s.

toys    chim’neys   al’leys    at tor’neys
drays   val’leys    pul’leys   Sat’ur days
buoys   mon’eys     tur’keys   hol’i days
whys    jour’neys   mon’keys   cor du roys’

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Basic Spelling Rules 

Lesson 137 (cont.) 

Words in which Y final is changed into ies in the Plural.

skies   la’dies     to’ries       gro’cer ies
spies   du’ties     can’dies      for’ger ies
cries   beau’ties   tro’phies     gal’ler ies

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Homophones Beginning With P – Spelling Vocabulary Words
paced, paste

packed, pact

paean (-s), peon (-s)

pail (-s), pale (-s)

pain (-s), pane (-s)

pair (-s), pare (-s), payor (-s) (?), pear (-s),

palate (-s), palette (-s), pallet (-s), pallette (-s)

pall, pawl

parish, perish

parity (-ies), parody (-ies) (?)

passable, passible

passed, past

patience, patients

pause, paws

pea (-s, -se), pee (-s), [P]

peace, piece

peak (-s), peek (-s), pique (-s)

peal (-s), peel (-s)

pearl (-s), purl (-s)

peas, pease, pees

pect, pecked

pedal (-s), peddle (-s)

peer (-s), pier (-s)

pence, pents

pend, penned

pendant, pendent

pendants, pendence

pends, pens

penitence, penitents

per, purr

petit, petty

petrel, petrol

 phase (see faze)

 phial (see file)

 philter (see filter)

 phlox (see flocks)

phosphorous, phosphorus

 phrase (see frays)

pi, pie

pica, pika

picks, pix

pidgin, pigeon

pinion, pinon

pistel, pistol

place, plaice

plain (-s), plane (-s)

plaintiff, plaintive (?)

plait (-s), plate (-s)

plantar (-s), planter (-s)

pleas, please

plough (-s), plow (-s)

plum (-s), plumb (-s)

pole (-s), poll (-s)

policlinic, polyclinic

politic (-s), politick (-s)

poor, pore (-s), pour (-s)

populace, populous

pocks, pox

praise, prays, preys

pray (-s), prey (-s)

precedence, precedents

presence, presents

pride, pried

pries, prise, prize

prince, prints

prior, pryer

principal (-s), principle (-s)

profit (-s), prophet (-s)

pros, prose

psalter, salter

pupal (-s), pupil (-s)

puttee, putty (?)

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