Archive for August, 2007


Ly is an abbreviation of like; as manly for man-like, or like a man. Ly is
still further shortened into y; as, rock, rocky.

bright’ly  eas’y     heav’i ly    thor’oug ly
gay’ly     earth’y   heart’i ly   might’i ly
no’bly     speed’y   read’i ly    has’ti ly
wind’y     spon’gy   tar’di ly    stead’i ly


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Lesson 146.

In adjectives, er is generally added to form the comparative, and est to
form the superlative; as, rich, richer, richest.

strict’er   fierc’est   wealth’i er   wor’thi est
broad’er    slow’est    greed’i er    read’i est
bright’er   gaunt’est   drear’i er    haugh’ti est

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Lesson 144.

Ar, er, and or signify one who does, or that which does; as, baker, one
who bakes. If the word ends in e, r only is added. After a consonant y is
generally changed into i. Another letter is sometimes united to the affix;
as law, law’yer. The final consonants are doubled, as in Lesson 142.

beg’gar     bank’er    bak’er      cre a’tor
dig’ger     plant’er   pa’cer      cru sad’er
dip’per     build’er   pav’er      dic ta’tor
clip’per    giv’er     stran’ger   en grav’er
trot’ter    1aw’yer    writ’er     sur viv’or
los’er      saw’yer    boast’er    be liev’er
woo’er      read’er    mourn’er    ad vis’er
vouch’er    rid’er     own’er      as sign’er
wres’tler   dy’er      rul’er      in vei’gler

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Spelling Vocabulary Words – Homophones Beginning With I
 I (see aye)

 I’d (see eyed)

 ide (see eyed)

idyl (-s), idyll (-s), idle (-s), idol (-s)

ileum, ilium

 illicit (see elicit)

 illusive (see allusive)

 I’ll (see aisle)

 immanent, imminent (see eminent)

 immerge (see emerge)

impassable, impassible

impatience, impatiens

in, inn

incidence, incidents

incite, insight (?)

independence, independents

indict (-s), indite (-s)

indigence, indigents

inequity, iniquity (?)

innocence, innocents

instance, instants

 insure (see ensure)

intense, intents

 irrupt (see erupt)

 irruption (see eruption)

 isle (see aisle)

its, it’s

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Lesson 143.

Words not included in the ahove rule, do not double the final

act’ed    failed   quar’reled   ex pand’ed
land’ed   rained   bar’reled    mer’it ed
rest’ed   coaxed   trav’eled    vis’it ed

Y is sometimes changed into i; as cry, cried.

cried   dried   mar’ried   glo’ried
tried   fried   tar’ried   sto’ried
shied   spied   car’ried   wor’ried

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Teaching Affixes
Lesson 142.

In words like the following, ed is pronounced as t; and, although of two
and three syllables, the words are pronounced in one and two.

graced    fixed   es caped’     at tacked’
scraped   mixed   em braced’    con fessed’
cracked   boxed   en grossed’   op pressed’

In other words formed by the affix ed, the last letter is doubled in words
of one syllable, or in words accented on the last syllable, when they end
with a single consonant preceded by a single vowel; as, wed, wed’ded. If
the word ends in any other consonant than d or t, the e in ed becomes
silent, and the two syllables become one; as, hem, hemmed, pronounced

jut’ted    shunned   com pelled   o mit’ted
fret’ted   tapped    e quipped’   im bed’ded
fit’ted    rubbed    de murred’   com mit’ted

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Spelling Vocabulary Word Lists – Homophones Beginning With J
jalousie, jealousy (?)

jam (-s), jamb (-s)

 jean (see gene)

 jell (see gel)

 jibe (see gibe)

jinks, jinx

 jire (see gyre)

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